This can get quite important when your mail server is blacklisted, or if you somehow want to simply change the outgoing IP address.
First of all, check that you DO have another ip address on another interface at the server. Either by ifconfig or anything else.
To change the outgoing IP on a postfix mail server, edit the file /etc/postfix/master.cf
Find this part in the file,
smtp unix - - - - - smtp # When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops relay unix - - - - - smtp -o smtp_fallback_relay=
You should modify it to look like below
smtp unix - - - - - smtp -o smtp_bind_address=192.168.1.1 # When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops relay unix - - - - - smtp -o smtp_bind_address=192.168.1.1 -o smtp_fallback_relay=
Of course, change the IP address 192.168.1.1 to whatever your secondary IP is.
Then restart and reload the postfix server.
[root@mail ~]# /etc/init.d/postfix restart Shutting down postfix: [ OK ] Starting postfix: [ OK ] [root@mail ~]# /etc/init.d/postfix reload Reloading postfix: [ OK ]