The beauty of having multiple IP addresses on a single server is that you can run several services with different addressing. This way you can announce your FTP service on a different address and your HTTP on another.
Below I’ll describe how to achieve this in Debian based and Red Hat based distros seperately.
Using Debian based distros (Ubuntu, Mint etc.), setting multiple IP addresses on a single network interface is simple.
What we will do is to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file.
If you are using DHCP, then your file should look similar to this,
auto eth0 iface eth0 inet dhcp auto eth0:0 iface eth0:0 inet dhcp iface eth0:0 inet6 dhcp
Here, the eth0:0 is how we get the secondary IP address on the eth0 device.
If you’re using a static IP address instead of DHCP, then your interfaces file should be like,
auto eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 10.20.30.40 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 10.20.30.0 broadcast 10.20.30.255 gateway 10.20.30.1 dns-nameservers 22.214.171.124 iface eth0 inet6 static address 2f00:7300:100::10 netmask 64 auto eth0:0 iface eth0:0 inet static address 10.20.30.41 netmask 255.255.255.0 iface eth0:0 inet6 static address 2f00:7300:100::11 netmask 64
You can add as many as you want, such as eth0:1, eth0:2 …
Sometimes when adding multiple IPv6 addresses on Debian systems, it is possible that you get an error. The current workaround for that is to enable and disable the device a couple of times. You can find the solution to that problem here.
In Red Hat based distros (CentOS, Fedora etc.), the interfaces are edited through the directory /etc/sysconfig/network-scritps. Here we have multiple files, each pointing for a device. For instance, to have 2 additional IP’s on a single ethernet device (totaling 3 addresses) we should have 3 files as follows,
The main device file would be just a standard one, we don’t have to change anything with it.
On the other hand, the ifcfg-eth0:1 file should be similar to this,
NAME="" BOOTPROTO=static MACADDR="" IPV6INIT=no DEVICE=eth0:1 NETMASK=255.255.255.0 MTU="" BROADCAST=10.20.30.255 ONPARENT=yes IPADDR=10.20.30.41 NETWORK=10.20.30.0 IPV6INIT=yes IPV6ADDR=2f00:7300:100::11 IPV6_DEFAULTGW=2f00:7300:100::1 ONBOOT=yes
This would suffice. Don’t forget to restart your network services after adding the lines (or files) to with your appropriate settings.
For Debian : $ /etc/init.d/networking stop && /etc/init.d/networking start
For Red Hat : $ service network restart
For additional IPv6 addresses you should need to add IPV6ADDR_SECONDARIES=”” line to /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 file
IPV6INIT=yes IPV6ADDR=2f00:7300:1::2/64 IPV6ADDR_SECONDARIES="2f00:7300:1::3/64 2f00:7300:1::4/64 2f00:7300:1::fff4/64 2f00:7300:1::fff5/64"